SystemVerilog deep copy

 deep copy 

In shallow copy, Objects will not be copied, only their handles will be copied. to perform full or deep copy, custom method can be added. in the custom method new object is created and all the class properties will be copied to new handle and new handle will be returned.
SystemVerilog Deep Copy

 Example 1: 

       In the below example, copy method is added in each class. whenever the copy method is called, it will create the new object and copies all the class properties to new object handle and return the new object handle.

//-- class --- 
class address_range;
  bit [31:0] start_address;
  bit [31:0] end_address  ;

  function new();
    start_address = 10;
    end_address   = 50;
  endfunction
  //copy method
  function address_range copy;
    copy = new();
    copy.start_address = this.start_address;
    copy.end_address   = this.end_address;
    return copy;
  endfunction
endclass

//-- class ---   
class packet;
  //class properties
  bit [31:0] addr;
  bit [31:0] data;
  address_range ar; //class handle

  //constructor
  function new();
    addr  = 32'h10;
    data  = 32'hFF;
    ar = new(); //creating object
  endfunction

  //method to display class prperties
  function void display();
    $display("---------------------------------------------------------");
    $display("\t addr  = %0h",addr);
    $display("\t data  = %0h",data);
    $display("\t start_address  = %0d",ar.start_address);
    $display("\t end_address  = %0d",ar.end_address);
    $display("---------------------------------------------------------");
  endfunction

  //copy method
  function packet copy();
    copy = new();
    copy.addr = this.addr;
    copy.data = this.data;
    copy.ar   = ar.copy;//calling copy function of tr
    return copy;
  endfunction
endclass
// -- module ---
module class_assignment;
  packet pkt_1;
  packet pkt_2;
  initial begin
    pkt_1 = new();   //creating pkt_1 object
    $display("\t****  calling pkt_1 display  ****");
    pkt_1.display();
    pkt_2 = new();   //creating pkt_2 object
    $display("\t****  calling pkt_2 display  ****");
    pkt_2.display();
    pkt_2 = pkt_1.copy(); //calling copy method
    //changing values with pkt_2 handle
    pkt_2.addr = 32'h68;
    pkt_2.ar.start_address = 60;
    pkt_2.ar.end_address = 80;
    $display("\t****  calling pkt_1 display after changing pkt_2 properties ****");
    pkt_1.display();
    $display("\t****  calling pkt_2 display after changing pkt_2 properties ****");
    pkt_2.display();
  end
endmodule

 Simulator Output  

**** calling pkt_1 display ****
---------------------------------------------------------
addr = 10
data = ff
start_address = 10
end_address = 50
---------------------------------------------------------
**** calling pkt_2 display ****
---------------------------------------------------------
addr = 10
data = ff
start_address = 10
end_address = 50
---------------------------------------------------------
**** calling pkt_1 display after changing pkt_2 properties ****
---------------------------------------------------------
addr = 10
data = ff
start_address = 10
end_address = 50
---------------------------------------------------------
**** calling pkt_2 display after changing pkt_2 properties ****
---------------------------------------------------------
addr = 68
data = ff
start_address = 60
end_address = 80
---------------------------------------------------------
Execute the above code on